Common childhood illnesses parents should be aware of

If you have young children, it may feel like you’re constantly in and out
of the doctor’s office with your little ones. A child’s immune system isn’t
fully developed until they’re about 8 years old, so the close quarters of
schools and daycares means whatever germs are out there spread quickly.

Familiarizing yourself with some of the most common childhood illnesses and
their symptoms can help you determine whether a child’s illness will pass
on its own or whether a doctor’s appointment is necessary.

The common cold

Caused by

a variety of different viruses
, the common cold is easily spread by peers at school. Telltale signs of
the common cold are sneezing, a runny nose, congestion, and a cough.
There’s not much you can do for a common cold other
than to wait it out. Don’t give a child under six over-the-counter cough or
cold medicines, although you can provide children’s acetaminophen or
ibuprofen if needed.

Flu


The flu is different from the common cold
. It causes a fever, chills and body aches, a sore throat, and tiredness.
Like the common cold, it spreads easily, so a flu shot is recommended for
your entire family each year. If your child has the flu, make sure they get
a lot of sleep, drink lots of fluids, and take any medicines recommended by
their doctor. This may include

an antiviral medicine such as Tamiflu

that can help prevent the worst symptoms if given early enough.

Strep throat

If your young one is experiencing a fever, stomach pain, and has swollen
tonsils or throat pain,

it might be strep
. Strep throat is a bacterial infection, so your child’s pediatrician can
diagnose it using a strep test and then prescribe antibiotics to treat it.
Strep is extremely contagious, and is spread through talking, coughing, or
sneezing. So don’t send your child to school if they have strep, and be
careful to minimize exposure to others in your home.

Stomach flu

Also known as

gastroenteritis
, a bout of stomach flu will be identifiable due to diarrhea, nausea, and
vomiting. Fortunately, this viral infection usually passes in a few days
with plenty of rest and fluids. However, contact your child’s doctor if
they have a fever of 102 F or higher; seem tired or very irritable; are in
a lot of discomfort or pain; have bloody diarrhea; or seem dehydrated.

Ear infection

The

symptoms of an ear infection

are hard to miss. Your child may complain of ear pain, tug at their ear, or
have trouble swallowing (in addition to potentially a fever). Most doctors
wait for an ear infection to clear up on its own, although they may offer
pain medicine to help.

Mono

If your child has flu-like symptoms that seem worse or don’t get better,
it’s worth having them

evaluated for mononucleosis
. Mono is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and requires lots of rest for
recovery. It’s very contagious and is mostly spread through saliva, so wash
dishes, utensils, cups or drinking glasses, and toothbrushes very
carefully.

Conjunctivitis

Eye redness, swelling, discomfort and discharge, and even itching are all

symptoms of conjunctivitis
. There can be many causes of conjunctivitis, but only the bacterial
version has a treatment (antibiotic eye drops or ointments). Conjunctivitis
can be very contagious, so make sure you and your child wash your hands
frequently to avoid spreading it to others in your household.

Head Lice

These

small bugs in children’s hair

aren’t dangerous, but they’re very contagious and leave your little one
with itchy, small bumps and sores on their head. A close inspection should
allow you to identify small bugs in your child’s hair or eggs on individual
hair shafts. Most pharmacies carry special shampoos and lotions that kill
off lice.

If you’re concerned about your child’s health, you should call your doctor;
especially if they have a

high fever or trouble breathing
. It’s no fun to have a sick child at home, but with basic home care, most
should bounce back from these illnesses quickly!

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