Cardiomyopathy : All You Need to Know About Cardiac Arrests in Childern
When people think of heart disease, they usually think of elderly people, but youngsters may also have it, and their symptoms are often more severe. Paediatric cardiomyopathy is a potentially life-threatening condition that is the main cause of SCA in children.
Cardiomyopathy is a cardiac muscle illness that impairs the heart’s capacity to pump blood. Some children with the condition have no symptoms and are unaware that they are at risk for SCA. According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, around 2,000 persons under the age of 25 die of SCA each year, but there are preventative steps that families may take. Before you start looking for a cardiology doctor near me you must read on and be ready to avoid any delays in treatment.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest: What Is It?
The abrupt stopping of the heart in youngsters is known as cardiac arrest. It usually happens when a cardiac event causes a sudden loss of blood supply to all portions of the body, resulting in death in a matter of minutes if no one intervenes. It affects sportsmen the most, although it can equally affect youngsters who do not participate in sports.
Sudden cardiac arrest is most typically caused by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a heart ailment that can be present from birth or develop as a child develops. The muscle that surrounds the heart’s chambers and valves swells, making blood flow more difficult and, in extreme cases, entirely halting it. It can lead to potentially fatal abnormal heart beats. You must have the number of a cardiologist near me on your phone for any instant advice.
Recognize the signs and symptoms
There is currently no systematic cardiac screening procedure in place for children. While physicians can respond to more visible signs, diagnosing paediatric cardiomyopathy can be difficult since some children with the disease remain asymptomatic. Cardiomyopathy is frequently overlooked or misinterpreted as a cold, flu, or asthma attack.
Shortness of breath, fast breathing, fainting, chest discomfort, dizziness, heart palpitations, and weariness are some of the symptoms. Infants may have problems gaining weight, respiratory difficulties, excessive sweating, or lethargy. It is critical for parents to express their concerns to their child’s physician.
What Should Parents Do in This Situation?
In the event that their child has a cardiac arrest, parents are not powerless. If a kid experiences an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the American Heart Association, European Resuscitation Council, and other organisations have created suggested procedures to follow. If the individual isn’t breathing, do the following procedures immediately and then once he is normal, rush to the heart hospital in Delhi :
Examine the responsiveness
Gently shake or tap the youngster. If there isn’t a response, dial 911 right away. Look for chest movement to see whether they’re still breathing. If you’re the only one on the scene, don’t leave the youngster alone until help arrives to continue CPR or administer intravenous cardiac medicine.
Allow Air To Pass Through
To do so, follow these steps:
- Place your palm on their brow and stretch their neck back to straighten their airway if they are choking on their tongue.
- Check the respiration of the kid patient by placing your ear near to their mouth. Pinch the child’s nose and cover their lips with your mouth if you don’t feel air flowing.
- Allow two calm breaths to fill your lungs until your chest rises.
Examine Your Breathing
Check to see if your chest rises and falls with each breath. Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation if there is no indication of breathing (CPR).
Keep an eye out for a pulse.
Give CPR using chest compressions and rescue breaths if the youngster is not breathing normally and has an absent pulse. Until aid arrives, keep searching for signs of life and doing CPR (at least five minutes). Stop CPR and examine for other issues if the youngster shows any signs of life.
What Can Parents Do to Protect Their Children from Sudden Cardiac Arrest?
- Parents have little control over whether or not their child develops a heart disease that leads to cardiac arrest. They can, however, take care to avoid abrupt cardiac arrests brought on by accidents or other traumas.
- Make sure your youngster has a health exam with an EKG every year. If you have a family history of heart issues or if your kid shows any indications of heart difficulties, you should have an EKG.
- Take all doctor-prescribed drugs exactly as recommended by your healthcare professional, and ensure that your children do the same. You must let the heart specialist doctor know everything.
- Encourage safe play practises such as wearing helmets while riding or inline skating, utilising bike safety equipment, and only participating in team sports after receiving sufficient training.
- If you have a private swimming pool or hot tub in your backyard, be sure the equipment is properly built and maintained. Please keep youngsters away from heights and don’t leave them unsupervised near swimming pools or other bodies of water.
- In any vehicle, make sure your child/little one is wearing a seatbelt at all times. To avoid airbag injuries, your youngster should be secured towards the middle of the backseat, if feasible, or as far back as possible. If the backseat of the car lacks shoulder straps, place your infant on your lap and press their chest against your body. No matter how short the drive, never place your baby or youngster in the front seat.
Children’s sudden cardiac arrest can happen at any time. Because brain damage can occur in as little as a few minutes, the sooner CPR or defibrillation is administered, the higher the chance of life. A heart attack, which generally involves warning indications of pain or discomfort in the chest, is not the same as sudden cardiac arrest.